- Planning Open Spaces Systems in Brazilian Cities: Barriers and opportunities    click here to open paper content1957 kb
by    Tângari, Vera Regina & Magalhães P. da Silva, Jonathas | vtangari@uol.com.br   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
The paper discusses how Brazilian cities deal with open spaces' classification, evaluation and design. It provides an understanding of the diverse socio-spatial and territorial situations found and presents two proposals for Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
The present article results from a reflection about research experiences carried out along with professional practice. It describes a case study which aims to discuss how Brazilian cities have dealt with open spaces classification, evaluation and design and provides an understanding of the diverse socio-spatial and territorial situations in several cities located in Brazil, and presents the conceptual proposals of the Integrated Open Spaces and Green Areas Plans for three Regional Districts in Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: São Cristóvão, Jacarepaguá and Cidade de Deus. These plans are related to the local initiatives including urban transportation and traffic systems, open spaces and leisure activities, environmental regeneration, among others, coordinated by the Municipal Institute of Urban Planning of the Mayor of Rio de Janeiro. São Cristóvão is a historical district located close to the downtown area and is undergoing a concentrated effort of revitalization along with legislation changes. In this district, we had to conceal new codes and urban design changes with historical preservation conditions. Jacarepaguá and Cidade de Deus districts are undergoing deep transformations in their urban tissue and landscape, due to the intense pressure held by the real state sector, along with the social demands for housing for lower income sectors. This Plan is of great interest for the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro, because it includes urban sectors in the expansion zone in the southeast direction, is located in an environmental context of great significance and it is ruled by recent urban legislation which stablished two Environmental Conservation Zones (ZCA). The three plans are a result of the data-crossing of different aspects which include: circulation and transportation systems; urban tissue profiles; existing municipal projects; slums concentration; squares and parks distribution; forests and street vegetation elements; river systems and riverside occupation patterns.
open spaces, urban planning, landscape planning; Brasil; Rio de Janeiro.
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