|- Good Urban Governance, Actorsí Relations and Paradigms: Lessons from Nairobi, Kenya and Recife, Brazil 757 kb|
|by Kedogo , Joseph & Sandholz, Simone & Hamhaber, Johannes | firstname.lastname@example.org |
|This paper discusses good governance contribution to sustainable |
urbanisation. Integrating Kenya and Brazil studies, it analyses actors'
paradigmatic frameworks at different scales and sectors as barriers to
inclusion and alternatives for improvement.
|Worldwide urbanisation is projected to continue for many years to come, |
with the cities in the developing countries accounting for 95% of the total future urban population growth. In these cities, this process has not been met with commensurate urban policies nor governance structures, resulting in serious urban problems such as the proliferation of slums which in some cases house more than 90% of the urban population. Due to the challenges facing developing countries, their urban arena has become very complex, broad and fragmented, involving heterogeneous actors at various scales.
This is further complicated by disparities in their powers, roles,
interests and perspectives. Therefore improving the actorsí relationships
is vital for any progress. This calls for an appropriate and well
functioning multi-level and multi-actor urban governance system, that
integrates well both horizontally and vertically, permitting effective
negotiations amongst the actors from the local to global levels.
This paper deals with the question of how improved urban governance could
contribute to ensuring sustainable and inclusive urbanisation. After
defining good urban governance, it analyses some impediments to it and
discusses available means of improving the quality of governance as it
affects urban planning processes. Based on a multilevel stakeholder
analysis of the urban arena on Nairobi, Kenya, and incorporating lessons
drawn from a study conducted in Recife, Brazil, it examines the actors
firstly at different scales (international, national, city wide and the
local grassroots levels), and secondly from different sectors (state,
market and civil society and also including informal to illegal actors).
In conclusion, the paper focuses on the different legal and institutional
frameworks that serve as references for the actors which by their
paradigmatic character, lead to a profound lack of common ground, of mutual understanding, and of common vision and thereby worsening the actor relations.
|Legal and institutional framework, paradigmatic frameworks, multi-level and multi-actor urban governance, Nairobi, Recife|
Case Study presented on the ISOCARP Congress 2010: Sustainable City - Developing World
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