|- Interventions in Urban Management: Lessons for selected case studies 1053 kb|
|by Babarinde, Jacob & Adesanya, Adesoji | email@example.com |
|The paper assesses the planning, implementation and achievements of four urban development interventions in three countries - Nigeria (2), The Netherlands (1) and Canada (1) for purposes of city sustainability. |
|1. World Bank Assisted Urban Renewal Project, Ibadan:|
Ibadan is one of the largest cities in Africa, with a current estimated population of 5 million people. The rapid urbanization and amorphous growth of slums in the city necessitated the approval and funding of upgrading of three areas in the city - Mokola, Yemetu and Agugu - with varying levels of environmental decadence. How successful is this project?
2. Sustainable Ibadan Project (SIP):
The Sustainable Ibadan Project (SIP) is one of the six Sustainable Cities Programmes (SCP) initiated in the early 1990s. It is a joint initiative of the UN Habitat and the UN Environmental Programme (UNEP). The project focuses on three priority areas, namely: waste management, water supply and the institutionalisation of Environmental Planning and Management (EPM) process. Has the project achieved its goal?
3. South Rijswijk Master-Planned Community, Rijswijk, Netherlands:
This mixed-use development is partly a product of ISOCARP's Urban Task Force (June 2007) for the City of Rijswijk. The project, sitting on an area of 226 hectares, is aimed at creating sustainable communities, using art and historic concepts, to promote the overall sustainability of a regenerated Hague Agglomeration of 1.6 million population. A total of 2,500 new housing units were proposed for an additional 4,000 people that the municipality was inclined to add to an existing population of 16,000. Has implementation been smoothly achieved after about three years?
4. The Essex-Parc Nuvo Condominiums, Etobicoke, Toronto:
Condominium is a very popular system of land ownership for housing development in North America, where each individual owner holds title to a specific unit in addition to owning a share of common elements. Condo development in Ontario, Canada, is governed by Section 1 of the Planning Act and Ontario Regulation 544/06. Nowadays, it is becoming a trend to see condo agglomerations dotting the city's landscape in close proximity to public transit terminals, such as trains and subway stations, from where condo residents can easily commute to and from work daily at reduced travel times and costs. Toronto has now become more congested than Los Angeles and London. Is this trend sustainable for Toronto?
Therefore, in this paper, we will attempt to assess the impacts of the four interventions on the sustainability of their various catchment areas.
|Interventions, Urban Management, Case Studies, City Sustainability|
Case Study presented on the ISOCARP Congress 2010: Sustainable City - Developing World
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