- Planning Challenge of Karen and Ongata Rongai Peripheral Locations   click here to open paper content76 kb
by    Kazungu, Raphael & Gitau, Judy & Gichuru, P. | ktandaza@yahoo.com   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
For development at common borders to attain sustainability, frameworks to ensure harmonization of cross-border development plans need to be instituted.
Abstract
PLANNING CHALLENGE OF KAREN AND ONGATA RONGAI PERIPHERAL LOCATIONS

Contemporary urban development characterized by rapid urbanization and cities extending their influence beyond their boundaries- dictates that urban areas cannot be considered alone, but have to be analyzed in an integral manner together with their neighboring areas.

To attain sustainable development cities must deal with and balance elements of sustainability namely competitiveness, livability of places and environmental implications of development. Then again, regions need infrastructure to realize territorial balancing and higher quality of life, further to enabling their development into globally competitive and investment attracting destinations.

The location of peripheral areas along borders brings about typical problems associated with marginalization disadvantages connected to their geographical location such as; poor infrastructure, low levels of productivity, limited influence on city decision-making, challenges in responding to influences of globalization and climate change, and incapability of seizing spatial-economic opportunities.

Peripheral locations pose serious planning challenges and are disadvantaged by the way in which governments approach their planning and provision of infrastructure and services. First, most states have either prioritized the centre over the periphery in their national spatial plans or ignored these towns. However, these spatial plans do neglect the lower level of local development plans. Noteworthy, is the fact that the complexity of spatial planning is increased by a borderís existence.

Focusing on Land use and infrastructure at the Karen/Ongata Rongai Border point of Nairobi and Olekejuado Counties, this paper examines how Kenyan contemporary planning paradigms make border towns suffer disadvantages that constrain sustainable development. It further questions whether development plans are able to guide planning on developments located directly on the border.

Keywords
peripheral locations,sustainability, harmonisation of development plans
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