- From Rate Growth to Quality Improvement: Promoting Policy System for New-Urbanization in China)   click here to open paper content169 kb
by    Yu, Cheng & Chen, Jinfu & Yang, Xi | cheng_yu@hust.edu.cn   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
This paper will discuss that, in the context of China’s strategy of
Resource-conserving and Environment-friendly Society, what style of
urbanization should be appropriate in China; what policy problems are
restricting the quality of urbanization; and how to promote the new-
urbanization through reform the relevant policy system.
Financial crisis leads Chinese Government realizes that urbanization has
dramatic influence on stimulating domestic demands. Meanwhile, due to the
strategy of Resource-conserving and Environment-friendly Society, rate-
oriented urbanization should be transiting to another style, which concerns
about its quality as well as the rate. However, in China, the government
still focuses on the urbanization rate instead of quality, and is facing to
problems as follow: economic growth rate widely varied between towns and
countryside, most migration from rural area could not get residential
permit even they work in city, and industry is high power of consumption.
Due to the urbanization of China were driven from top to bottom, policies
are significant in the process of urbanization. At the same time, Chinese
scholars are becoming increasingly aware that urbanization research should
be combined with China's political, economic, social and institutional
background (Sun, 2005; Yang, 2011). In consequence, the research and
practice regarding to urbanization could not simply repeat developed
countries[simplequote] experience.
Therefore, the new concept of urbanization would be introduced in China.
Moreover, New-urbanization should return to the nature of migration,
industry and society transiting, and be focused on its process and quality
of the urban-rural changes. To complete the transformation above, it needs
to confront new targets and the existing problems at the same time.
On the basis urban-rural integration, new-urbanization would achieve
migration equality of the right, the high level of industrial development
and resource environmental sustainability society. Meanwhile, by reference
to the relevant academic literature, official statistics, as well as the
interviews of the relevant departments, including city construction,
population administration, land management, and industry development, the
constraint policies of rate growth and quality improvement in urbanization
in China could be indicated in three aspects. These three aspects are the
urban-rural dual system of population administration, unclear property
rights system of land management and low efficiency of public
administration system.
Consequently, the institution structure, related to China[simplequote]s
new-urbanization, could be promoted through reforming four aspects of
policy. Firstly, for inter regional and rural-urban population movement,
step migration polices should be adopted to simplify political and
management paper work. Secondly, to create equal developing platform for
urban and rural area, construction land owned by rural collectives should
be allowed to deal in land transaction market as urban construction land.
Thirdly, financial power of small and medium scaled cities could be
expanded to improve the investment ability for infrastructure. Finally, an
intergovernmental cooperation system should be established to achieve the
interregional cooperate governance.
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