|- The ''Three-old'' Policy of Community Renewal in China: Based on Cases in the Pearl River Delta Region 1021 kb|
|by Li, Fengqing & Huang, Huang | firstname.lastname@example.org |
|This paper studies the community renewal under the “Three-old” policy since |
2009 in the Pearl River Delta, which is widely considered as the origin of
community engagement in China.
| Along with the “building life limit”, the “economical life limit” and the |
shortage of “newly increased construction land quota”, the Pearl River
Delta (PRD) metropolitan area，a highly developed coastal area in south
China, is now undergoing wide-ranged community renewals. In contrast to the
dominant role in the general Chinese community renewal, the local
governments in the PRD are quite weakened by the “recessive” land market
due to the regional development process. Community renewals in this Region
are widely considered as the origin of community engagement in China.
To deal with the dilemma between insufficient construction land quota and
rapid development, a regional policy named the “Three-old” policy was
approved by the Chinese central government. As an experiment for land-
intensive development in wide-ranged community renewals, this policy was
first conducted in the PRD in 2009. According to the statistic data by
2013, such renewal projects have covered more than 2700 km² in the suburb
and downtown area of this region.
This paper aims to (1) evaluate the mechanism of the “Three-old” policy
implementation; (2) improve the planning measures and management systems
for the community renewal projects; (3) discuss about the possibility and
obstacle for its wider range of applications in China. To achieve these
goals, renewal cases from Guangzhou, Foshan and Shenzhen in the PRD are
further studied by detail in this paper.
According to the study, the “Three-old” policy is actually a compromise to
the present land situation in this region, and a gradual reform within the
framework of current national land law as well. Moreover, it also suggests
a potential amendment of the land law for China in the future. Each
implementable “Three-old” renewal project shall form a local development
alliance in order to maximum mutual benefits of the stakeholders. Only by
means of effective community engagement, which experiences conflict to
consensus, planning measures and management systems adaptable to such
alliance can be developed.
 R. H. Coase. ''The Problem of Social Cost, '' Journal of Law and
Economics, Vol. 3 (Oct. 1960), pp. 1-44.
 Harold Demsetz. '' Toward a Theory of Property Rights, ''The American
Economic Review, Vol. 57, No. 2, (May 1967), pp. 347-359.
 Arnstein, Sherry R. ''A Ladder of Citizen Participation,'' Journal of the
American Planning Association, Vol. 35, No. 4,( July 1969), pp. 216-224.
 André Sorensen. ''Land readjustment and metropolitan growth: an
examination of suburban land development and urban sprawl in the Tokyo
metropolitan area,'' Progress in Planning,Vol.53, No. 4, (May 2000), pp217–
 Lian Yang, Qifeng Yuan. ''Research on Patterns of Land Integration in a
Context of ‘Three-old’ Reconstruction in Pearl River Delta Region: A Case
Study of Lianjiao District in Nanhai, Foshan,” Journal of Urban Planning
Forum, Vol.2(March 2010),pp.14-20.
 Arrow, Kenneth J. (2nd ed., 1963), Social Choice and Individual Values.
New Haven: Yale University Press.
 Dennis C. Mueller. ( 3rd ed.,2003) , Public Choice. Cambridge
University Press. USA.
Yujiro Hayami, Yoshihisa Godo.（2005）, Development Economics: From the
Poverty to the Wealth of Nations. Oxford University Press. USA.
Case Study presented on the ISOCARP Congress 2013: Frontiers of Planning - Evolving and declining models of city planning practice
Click to open the full paper as pdf document
Click to send an email to the author(s) of this paper