- Ranking of polish regions in terms of the impact of globalization    click here to open paper content383 kb
by    Fiedorowicz, Kazimierz & Studnicki, Tadeusz & Zagrzejewska - Fiedorowicz, Magdalena | jkmfiedorowicz@wp.pl   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
This is a presentation one of method for researching the impact of globalization.

Kazimierz Fiedorowicz,
Tadeusz Studnicki,
Magdalena Zagrzejewska –Fiedorowicz

Poland, Cz?stochowa
University of Technology


39th International Planning Congress “Planning in a More Globalized and Compatitive World”, Cairo, Egypt, 17-22 October, 2003,
session 1 “The place of globalization”.


The ranking of 16 regions of Poland in terms of the impact of globalization will be presented. The ranking was developed using 10 indicators/features.

Globalization is a process, which has never been defined once and for all. The world is becoming more and more diversified/polarized in terms of how much the globalization process is advanced. The diversification/polarization flows from conditions which either facilitate or hamper the globalization processes.

The same is true for the regions of Poland, which show various intensity of features underlying the globalization processes. The regions are related to the level of NUTS – II (Number Unity Territorial Statistics – II) of the European Union. They vary in size from 9.4 thousand km˛ to 35.6 thousand km˛ in area and from 1 million to 5.1 million in population. The intensity of the globalization impacts very much depend on the features of globalization and location of regions with respect to infrastructure corridors, which bring the globalization processes to the regions.

The ranking of the regions was based on the following indicators. Social indicators included the level of urbanization and the level of employment in sector III (services). Economic indicators were the level of GDP per capita and foreign trade volume (exports plus imports). Technological indicators included expenditures for scientific research and the number of students per 1000 inhabitants. Political indicators were the level of support for integration with the European Union achieved in the referendum and the number of hotel nights per 1000 inhabitants. Environmental indicators were share of protected areas as the percentage of total area of a region and the volume of emissions – dusts and gases (tons per 1 km˛).

The most intensive impacts of the globalization are visible in the Mazowsze region (including the capital city of Warsaw). Relatively well developed impacts are seen also in Western regions of Poland close to the German border. Average impacts can be found in mid Poland and the lowest ones in the Eastern regions. The number of indicators underlying the ranking was gradually increased, which however had no impact on the sequence.

Globalization processes come to Poland from abroad via infrastructure corridors. Poland is connected with the outer world with 15 main corridors.

The results of the ranking will be presented in tabular form and illustrated on a graph and four cartograms, which will include background, basic data about the regions, measurement of the globalization impacts, ranking of the regions and final conclusions. The outcome will lead to the conclusion that the level of impact depends significantly on features of the environment where the globalization processes take place. The features influence solutions taken at national, regional and local levels. Therefore their impact on approaches taken with respect to spatial development patterns is significant. Such development patterns should in turn lead to development of features enabling the globalization.

It'll be interesting for participants to hear about one of method for reserching the impact of globalization, features/indicators which in the authors opinion bring the globalization process to the regions (NUTS II).
regions, indicators, ranking
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