|- Imagine-a-City: The Informational City and the Concept of Cognitive Mapping 163 kb|
|by Gotsch, Peter & null, null & null, null | email@example.com |
The Infomational City and the Concept of Cognitive Mapping
''The latest mutation in space – postmodern hyperspace – has finally succeded in transcending the capacities of the human body to locate itself, to organize its immediate surroundings perceptually, and cognitively to map its position in a mappable external world.” (Jameson, 1984,p.44)
Abstract, Objectives and Aims:
Today Information Technologies are transforming the ‘traditional’ language of our environment at a pace that is far faster than our bodies can handle. The conscious remodeling of a large-scale physical environment has been possible only recently, and so the problem of imagining and understanding this environment is a new one. We feel increasingly unsheltered and alienated as technology sets the pace. Our means of perception and action are increasingly more developed than our means of representation and comprehension. As this loss of orientation not just individual practical (navigational) and emotional consequences but crucial and societal implications.
My contribution seeks to identify the implications and potentials of ‘cognitive mapping’ for the reinterpretation of the contemporary city and will elaborate the relevance of a city which is individually and socially constructed, dreamed, perceived and imagined. Finally it will propose new social and aesthetic perspectives which may arise from this kind of understanding.
Relevance and Merit:
I believe the approach I take is of academic merit for it brings new interdisciplinary aspects for the planning practice. As it underlines the importance of studying the individual and collective dimensions of space, it becomes of primary importance and interest for anyone interested in urbanism.
Methods and Techniques, Previous Research
The concept of cognitive mapping makes possible an integration of thoughts from planning, design, sociology, anthropology and psychology. My presentation will draw on theories from interdisciplinary fields.
The key reference for the understanding of the city as it will be addressed in my presentation will be the work of K.Lynch’ The Image of The City” (1960). In trying to propose new design solutions he investigates the disorientation of the individual in the modern city in an anthropological sense. He is the father of the ‘cognitive image’ as an operational tool and he outlines its relevance to city planning and design, as he shows how individual and collective realities are socially constructed by the individual creation of environmental images.
F. Jameson (1984) draws on these findings in expanding the individual crisis of orientation to a crisis of societal and economic spheres and he is the first to apply the concept of cognitive mapping to describe postindustrial landscapes.
Further references of my contribution will be the work of H. Lefebvre (1974) and M.
DeCerteau (1984), who are widely recognized for their definition of space as a socially constructed category. The work of David Harvey, Saskia Sassen, and Manuel Castells, as well as the presentation of examples of artists’ perceptions of urban spaces will complement my work.
The theoretical context of my proposal is my masters thesis ''InFormation of Space: The Spatiality of Technology and Power”, which I presented at Columbia University N.Y. in 1995 and the research I am conducting in present for my PhD degree on Spatial Aspects of Information Technology.
The practical context for my research can be found in my previous work, particulary in my occupation with space as a spatial planner and architect.
I Propose to present my contribution in Session 3: Cyberspace and the Loss of Concentration, as it theorizes the interrelation of cyberspace-real space and deals with new forms of perception.
Bachelard G.;(1958); La poétique de l’espace; Paris
Bollnow, Otto F.; (1963); Mensch und Raum; Stuttgart
Castells, Manuel; (1989); The Informational City - Information Technology, Economic Restructuring and the Urban-Regional Process; Cambridge; MA
Decerteau, Michel; (1984) The Practice of Everyday Life; trans. Steven Rendall; Los Angeles
Habermaß J.; (1962); Strukturwandel und Öffentlichkeit: Untersuchungen zu einer Kategorie der Bürgerlichen Gesellschaft; Neuwied
Ito, Toyo; (1993); The Visual Image of the Microelecronic Age, JA (Japan Architect); JA L. 2
Jameson, Frederic; (1884); Postmodernism or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism; Durham Lefebvre, Henri; (1974) The Production of Space; trans. Donald Nicholson-Smith Cambridge, MA,
Lynch, Kevin; (1960); The Image of The City; Cambridge, MA
Lynch, Kevin; (1981); A Theory of Good City Form; Cambridge
Minsky M.; (1990); Mentopolis; Stuttgart
Pawley, Martin; (1991); Theory and Design in the Second Machine Age; Oxford
Tyler, S.A.; (1969); Cognitive Anthropology; New York
Sassen, Saskia; (1996); Losing Control? Souvereignity in an Age of Globalization; Coluimbia University Memorial Schoff Lectures; New York
Sakamura, Ke n; (1994); Computer City; Tokyo
Virillio, P.; (1994); The Vision Machine; London
Other Related Readings:
Adorno, T.W.; (1950); Democratic Leadership and Mass Manipulation; in: Studies of Leadership, ed. Gouldner, New York
Bott H., Hubig Ch., Pesch, Schröder (Ed.); (2000); Stadt und Kommunikation im Digitalen Zeitalter; Frankfurt M
Bell Daniel ; (1973); The Coming of Postindustrial Society; NYC
Berelson a. Janowitz; (1950); Public Opinion and Communication, Glenc
Braudel, Fernand; (1986); Die Dynamik des Kapitalismus, Stuttgart
Crary, Jonathan; (1994); Eclipse of the Spectacle
Davis, M; (1992) City of Quarz; Los Angeles
Dürckheim, Graf K. von; (1932); Untersuchungen zum gelebten Raum: Neue Psychologische Studien 6 Bd; München
Fecht T. mit Kamper D. (1988); Umzug ins Freie: Vier Versuche über den Raum; Hamburg
Foucault, Michael in C. Gordon Ed.; (1980); Questions of Geography; Power/Knowledge (1972-77)
Gottdiener M. (1996); The Social Production of Urban Space; Austin; TX
Harvey, David; (1989); The Condition of Postmodernity; Cambridge
Heidegger, M.; (1978); Bauen, Denken Wohnen: in Vorträge ind Aufsätze
Kelly, Kevin; (1993); Out of Control,- the rise of neo biological civilization; MA
Kluge A.; (1984); Die Macht der Gefühle; Frankfurt M.
King, Anthony (ed.); (1996); Re-Presenting the City: Ethnicity, Capital and Culture in the Twenty-First Century Metropolis; Houndmills
Lefebvre, Henri; (1970); La revolution urbaine; Paris
Mumford L.; (1934); Technics and Cililization; New York
Mitchell, William; (1995); City of Bits; Cambridge
McLuhan, Marshall, (1964), Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man, London
Negroponte,N.; (1995) ''Being Digital'', New York City
Nietsche; ''The Will to Power'', frg. 549, Walter Kaufmann, 1967, N.Y., p. 293
Sassen, Saskia; (1994); Cities in a World Economy; CA
Sennett, Richard; (1994); Flesh and stone: a History of Body in Western Civilization; NYC
Sieverts, Thomas; (1997); Zwischenstadt: zwichen Ort und Welt, Raum und Zeit, Sadt und Land; Braunschweig
Soja, Edward; (1980); Taking Los Angeles apart: some fragments of a critical human geography. Society and Space, 4(3): 255-72
Weber, Max; (1930); The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism; trans. Anthony Giddens; New York, 1992
|Today Information Technologies are transforming the ‘traditional’ language of our environment at a|
pace that is far faster than our bodies can handle. The conscious remodeling of a large-scale physical
environment has been possible only recently, and so the problem of imagining and understanding this
environment is a new one. We feel increasingly unsheltered and alienated as technology sets the
pace. Our means of perception and action are increasingly more developed than our means of
representation and comprehension. As this loss of orientation not just individual practical (navigational)
and emotional consequences but crucial and societal implications.
My contribution seeks to identify the implications and potentials of ‘cognitive mapping’ for the
reinterpretation of the contemporary city and will elaborate the relevance of a city which is individually
and socially constructed, dreamed, perceived and imagined. Finally it will propose new social and
aesthetic perspectives which may arise from this kind of understanding.
|Imagination, Space, Informational City|
Case Study presented on the ISOCARP Congress 2001: Honey, I Shrunk the Space
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