by    Nunes da Silva, Fernando & Serdoura, Francisco M. & Costa, Joćo Pedro | fs@fa.utl.pt   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
Along it's history, Lisbon has had a strong cultural identity, due to site characteristics (it is known as the town of the 7 hills), urbanity, architecture and social aspects.
As other cities, in the last decades Lisbon experienced an intense transformation, far from planed, from which resulted some spatial desegregation and uncharacteristic public spaces and neighbourhoods.
These new developments, assuming a cultural modernity, are focused in build spaces and guarantee of connection to efficient infrastructures. However they usually forgot the public spaces and community facilities.
This paper analyses selected case-studies of contemporary urban developments in Lisbon, identifying aspects which contribute to cultural identity or to spatial segregation, assuming that they could help to understand the effects of the process of globalisation in the town.
Some of the case-study areas are: 1) the ''Amoreiras'' area, where 20 years after the construction of the Amoreiras Towers and new infrastructure, the public space continues uncharacteristic; 2) the ''Martim Moniz'' area, where after several architectural interventions, the last one being the design of a new public space, cultural segregation remains; 3) the ''Sete Rios'' area, where private condominiums are well equipped -both in social facilities and new infrastructures- but where no public spaces where provided; 4) the Expo 98 area, where high quality public space has been built together with the urbanization process; 5) the renewal of the nineteen century ''boulevards'' -the ''Avenidas'' area-, where we can found good and bad practices of public spaces - spaces of integration and spaces of segregation; 6) the ''Colombo shopping centre'' area, where an high investment in buildings and infrastructures did not had any correspondence to investments in public space; 7) the renewal of the ''Av. da Liberdade'' buildings, where existing high quality public space attracted high quality commerce, but where no urban life take place after opening hours.
The public appropriation of those spaces by different populations is a sign of what might be some of the factors of integration in public spaces: 1) the strategic location of the areas in the town and its accessibility; 2) the quality of the public space; 3) the heritage value of the area; 4) the architectonic quality, and; 5) specific social aspects of the area.
The paper will present the select case studies of contemporary Lisbon, identifying in each of them the specific aspects of cultural identity, or, of spatial segregation.
The paper analyses selected public spaces on the historical and contemporary Lisbon, identifying in each one aspects which contribute to cultural identity or to spatial segregation in the appropriation of public spaces. Six criteria are proposed as the main factors for urban integration in public spaces, which can define a matrix for the evaluation of cultural identity / spatial segregation in the appropriation of public spaces.
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