- Trialogue Processes in Landscape Design    click here to open paper content477 kb
by    Costa, Lucia & Farah, Ivete & Boucinhas, Caio | lcosta@acd.ufrj.br   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
The paper looks at strategic urban projects focusing on design of open spaces. This approach, with Santo André as a case study, is addressed from the analysis of three main structures: the green, blue and cultural systems.

Lucia M.S.A. Costa-1, Ivete M. C. Farah-2, Caio Boucinhas-3
PROURB –FAU/UFRJ (Programa de Pós-graduação em Urbanismo da Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro)

1Professor Titular, arquiteta, PhD.
2Professora Adjunta, arquiteta, Doutora.
3Arquiteto, Doutor, pesquisador.

This paper looks at strategic urban projects focusing specifically on planning and design of open spaces, acknowledging their multiple roles in promoting cultural and environmental sustainability. It focus on a strategic urban project named “Leisure and green system” put forward to the municipality of Santo André, located at São Paulo Metropolitan Region, Brazil.
The open spaces´ approach is addressed from the analysis of three main structures: the green system, which is the whole of the vegetated areas; the blue system, which is the watershed basis of the landscape; and the system of culture, which comprises the values and meanings ascribed to landscape from local people. These also include decision-makes and planners, private sector, and universities. From this perspective, decision making concerning design and planning would be a consequence of physical and cultural structure based on these systems, whether being at a neighbourhood, city or metropolitan scales.
Santo André is a city in a decreasing process of industrialization, presenting a number of socio-environmental problems. It holds an urban macrozone with a high level of population density, as well as environmental protected areas with stricted regulations due to their role in providing water for more than 19 million inhabitants.
This strategic urban project began in 2002, as one of the answers for public demand on green and leisure spaces. At the moment, all the actors involved in the process are working on the legal structure for the project consolidation. Santo André´s experience is an interesting case study to discuss the interplay among natural and cultural systems in landscape design and planning, on a democratic basis. Having these systems valued in planning and design, cities could find the lost link with its landscape identity, hallmark their potentialities and guarantee their environmental and cultural quality.
Landscape governance; Cultural sustainability; Participatory process
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