- Urban Heritage Conservation by using GIS under Urban Renewal: A case study of Hankou historical district in Wuhan, China    click here to open paper content963 kb
by    LI, Rui | reallirui@126.com   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
The main object of this paper is to use GIS in urban heritage conservation against the background of urban renewal. A methodology for urban heritage conservation and renewal in the use of GIS will be set up. The case of Wuhan in China will be used to show the result of the applied methodology.
This paper is about urban planning and management and the use of GIS in urban areas that have heritage value under the background of urban renewal. It first considers the meaning of “urban heritage conservation” and analyses the development of urban heritage conservation in world, in China and in Wuhan, the case study city. It is argued that the fundamental principle of heritage conservation is the need to retain physical reminders of our past which preserve our national or urban identity and add to the quality of our lives. As a result the planners would do their work to find the values: 1) for the common good 2) for the economic development 3) for the sustainable development. Then the paper shows the means of conservation and renewal. Finally, the needed data and information for conversation and renewal are extracted from literature review.

In the case study, three tasks of Urban Heritage Conservation (UHC) are distinguished: 1) basic Urban Heritage Inventory 2) Urban Visual Management above the city and 3) special UHC projects in certain areas. The last is divided into Historical Buildings Restoration project (HBR), Lifen’s Conservation project (LFC), and Historical District Renewal project (HDR). This division was the main methodology of this paper. UHC activities depend on the coordinated action of several municipal bodies which in principle could share much information.

It is difficult for the Housing and Estate Management Bureau (HEM) to acquire, maintain, and manage information from different sources. The data requirement analysis shows that the needed information was something of historical, cultural, and spatial and a GIS data conceptual model is designed to help manage the data.

The conceptual model integrates three parts: one is for Urban Heritage Inventory; another is for Urban Visual Management, and the other is for Evaluation of Historical District Renewal. A case of Hankou Historical District in Wuhan, China is applied to show the application result of the GIS conceptual model. It argued that it was very helpful to make the conceptual models as well as to apply the models with some GIS applications.
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