- Urban Development Management in Munich, Germany. Integrated strategy, impacts and learning from external evaluation    click here to open paper content1125 kb
by    Thierstein, Alain & Reiss-Schmidt, Stephan | thierstein@raumentwicklung.ar.tum.de   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
Key strategies to countervail unwanted urban sprawl are ‘internal expansion’ and ‘urban, compact, green’. A first external evaluation puts focus on how to make a comprehensive urban strategy with generally formulated objectives assessable and tangible.
The City of Munich subscribes to an integrated urban development strategy that explicitly tries to countervail urban sprawl. PERSPECTIVE MUNICH is a strategic, proactive urban development concept first adopted by the City Council in 1998. The city has an average population density of 4’500 Persons per km2. To understand Munich is to look at its role within the mega-city region of Munich. The outskirts of the city for decades grew into the region along the main transportation infrastructure lines, fuelled by low mobility costs, abundance of ready-to-build land and lifestyle expectations of living “in the green”. Today the Munich area still keeps its leading edge in Germany as being the economic power house of the knowledge economy, thus constantly attracting people, firms and purchasing power into the area: re-urbanisation has a new show-case.

Key to countervail unwanted urban sprawl is two transversal strategies of the MUNICH PERSPECTIVE: ''internal expansion'' and ''urban, compact, green''. The paper illustrates these strategies with three flagship projects that all circle around re-densification of land-use within the city limits. Results of the first external inter-mediate evaluation of that integrated urban development strategy are presented. A special focus emphasises methodological issues of how to make a transversal, comprehensive urban strategy assessable and generally formulated objectives tangible.
urban development, urban sprawl, Mega-City Region, Munich
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