- Evaluation of sustainable transport measures implemented in European cities    click here to open paper content903 kb
by    Roider, Oliver & Uhlmann, T. | oliver.roider@boku.ac.at   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
Within the CIVITAS II initiative, the European Commission is co-financing more than 200 sustainable transport measures implemented in 17 cities all over Europe and evaluated by a horizontal project.
With the CIVITAS Initiative, the European Commission aims to support and to evaluate the implementation of ambitious integrated sustainable urban transport strategies. Since 2002 almost 370 measures in 36 cities all over Europe have been co-financed within two programs (CIVITAS I and II). Currently further 25 European cities are financially supported by the EC (CIVITAS plus). A wide range of different measure types has been implemented including car-restrictive strategies like access and parking management as well as supportive transport measures like information campaigns, public transport improvements or technical innovations to foster alternative car use or the purchase of clean vehicles. All CIVITAS measures and demonstration sites are supported by a horizontal project which is responsible for the cross-site-evaluation and the Europe wide dissemination by providing policy recommendations in order to achieve a multiplier effect in European cities.
The following paper gives an overview on the different innovative CIVITAS II measures whose implementations have been finished in April 2009 and describes their evaluation covering two main aspects: (1) The impact evaluation basically based on “before-and-after” comparison considered direct and indirect impacts as well as short-term and long-term effects. Fact sheets were developed in order to collect data in a standardised way for all measures implemented. Based on this data set, appropriate variables were defined for the evaluation, in particular environmental impacts were considered. (2) It is obvious that the success of a sustainable transport measure is influenced not only by the technical solution but also by optimising the process of planning and implementation. Therefore information on the implementation process was collected for all measures permanently and formed the basis for the analysis aimed to understand more clearly the pre-requisites of a successful implementation of sustainable transport measures.
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