- Hybrid metropolitan archipelago (Venezuela)    click here to open paper content220 kb
by    Ferrer, Mercedes & Franchini, Teresa & Reyes, Ramon | ferrer.mercedes@gmail.com   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
The paper describes an innovative planning-evaluation strategy (IPES). It results of a study that adopts a new approach to manage sprawl towards a low carbon city by re-structuring the Protective Zone of Maracaibo’s hybrid metropolitan archipelago.
The current financial and environmental global crisis creates a unique opportunity for a new deal for the 21st century, focused on low-carbon growth. A “green recovery” - a virtuous interaction between environmental revival, job creation, growth re-assumption and low-carbon-hydrogen economy oriented public investments and policy actions- is the coherence option for the world community, which demands a creative shared leadership, renovated political systems and global democratic governance. The International Energy Agency (IEA) predicts that Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC’s) per capita energy-related emissions will grow by 10% between 2005 and 2015, and by 33% during 2005-30 (China and India which are expected to grow by more than 100% per capita between 2005 and 2030). The paper describes the method, innovative planning-evaluation strategy (IPES) and results of a study that adopts a new mindset and an innovative approach to manage sprawl towards a low carbon city by re-structuring the -urban occupation of the Protective Zone (PZ)-, to overcome the impact of urban growth-expansion in the sustainability of Maracaibo’s -hybrid metropolitan archipelago- (HMA). The IPES (UPP+PSR+GIT) is a multilayered-relational model that fills the gap of the local urban planning assuming the principles of sustainable development-management (SDM) by braiding the urban planning process (UPP) with the Pressure-State-Response Model (PSR) and Geographical Information Technologies (GIT) -satellite images and GIS- to develop urban models, spatial scenarios, specific attributes and urban sustainable indicators (USI). Scenarios formulation and evaluation (prospective analysis) served to decide about the HMA low carbon future and to re-create a hybrid metropolitan sustainable landscape. The paper concludes presenting the IPES model (creative technovation) and, assuming as urban policy the E2 Scenario: Corridors of Tendencial Expansion (low carbon future) because controls, adjusts and organises the present lineal urban occupation along the metropolitan corridors maintaining intermediate areas of green protection and re-creates a new sustainable landscape a compact, dense and multifunctional-polycentric HMA.

hybrid metropolitan archipelago / innovative planning-evaluation strategy (IPES) / PSR model/ USI / low carbon future.
click here to open paper content  Click to open the full paper as pdf document
click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper  Click to send an email to the author(s) of this paper