|- Low carbon Pristina, mission im(possible)? 671 kb
|by Dobruna, Aida | email@example.com
|The paper is about how unplanned development is guiding urban planning in Pristina and its impact on the environment. It refers to the fast population growth in Pristina and the inability of planning authorities to cope with this new situation. The new situation creates the cycle which has a big impact on the environment, particulary on air pollution.
|Recent years, after the war , have witnessed a rapid growth in Kosovo’s towns and cities. Need for better life , employment , education caused migration from the rural to the urban areas rising the number of inhabitans within cities.One of the cities which has doubled its population is Pristina, the capital of Kosovo.
The last cenzus in which Kosovo albanians participated was on year 1981. That time there were 108,083 citizens in Prishtina. Based on this demographic data in 1988 the General Urban Plan for Prishtina was drafted .It had validity until year of 2000 and demographic projections for 200,000 inhabitants. It is estimated that the current population of the city stands between 400,000 and 500,000. The new inhabitants of Pristina settled mostly in the unplanned neighborhoods causing urban sprawl, abandoned agricultural land, its degradation, traffic congestions. Moreover the lacks of public transport for the new neighborhoods, increased usage of the private cars.
Pristina as all over Kosovo is supplied with electricity which is generated from 5 thermo power plant coal based, located near by in Kastrioti(Obilic) municipality. Their active capacity is 900 MV out of 1500 installed and their CO2 contribution to global warming annually is 5.5 million tones.
Thus all this mention above resulted with the total air pollution of 18 time biger that is allowed in Pristina city on Aprill 22, International Earth Day.
With new planned energy capacities “Kosova C” of 2100 MV electricity Kosovo will be a significent CO2 contributor of global warming in the future.
With this in mind, Pristina as capital of the new Country of Kosovo has to move faster than any othe country in Europe in completition of legislation as well taking practical steps in their implementation in order to reduce CO2 emmision.
Case Study presented on the ISOCARP Congress 2009: Low Carbon Cities
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