- Improving Governance for Fringe Land Development and Management: Need for stakeholder integration into planning process    click here to open paper content93 kb
by    Masum, Fahria | fahriaurp@yahoo.com   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
The paper identifies that in Dhaka improper governing system is the main reason for ineffective planning. The paper argues that for improving governance and city’s sustainability, there is need to ensure a government-stakeholders network.
Urban planning is a very important institutional support to an integrated approach to the sustainability of cities. Though it is an integral part of urban governance, often it is considered as separate instrument of urban development. Through three case studies on urban fringe development and management in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, the study identifies that there is a big gap between planning process and way of its implementation as prescribed and its actual practices in reality. Conflicting and complementary interests of different actors and shrinking of effective government controlling power are the main reasons behind this gap which often hinders proper planning implementation and ultimately city’s sustainability. Therefore, without good urban governance it is not possible to achieve good urban planning process which is a prerequisite for a sustainable city.

Based on the findings from case studies the research suggests an integrated approach of planning process with good governance where there will be a proper controlling on planning and its implementation through the stakeholders participation. The paper also urges on capacity building at institutional and individual level which should be considered as key elements of urban governance as well as a mean of planning implementation.
urban planning, good governance, stakeholder participation
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