- “The Real Estate Development of EURO 2004 in Oporto – Beneficial Urban Impacts or Post-Event Trauma?”    click here to open paper content229 kb
by    Bruno Marques, Bruno & Fernando Brandão Alves, Fernando | archiebruno@hotmail.com   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
“The real estate development of EURO 2004 in Oporto – Beneficial urban impacts or post-event trauma?”
“The real estate development of EURO 2004 in Oporto – Beneficial urban impacts or post-event trauma?”
(Case study: The Stadium of Antas in Oporto)
Parallel Session 1________
Country: Portugal.

National Region: Oporto District

International Region: Western Europe.

Sphere of action: Portugal.

Intervention field: Local (Oporto city)

Intervenient Institutions: Oporto Municipality; Portuguese Government, Private Promoters.

Key Words: Central Government; construction industry; design quality; impact; private investors; pulsar; urban planning.

Categories / Ranks: real estate development; events promotion; planning for pulses; urban impact; urban renewal; pulsar effects.


In 1998 Portugal was chosen as the host country for the 2004 European Football Championship (EURO 2004), announcing the realisation of this event trough out ten different stadiums, in eight Portuguese cities. Such operation, mainly urbanistic, pretends to catalyse a short term urban development stimulated by the construction of the new stadiums and surrounding areas.

Such operation has been reaching extremely high costs to Portugal, reminding us of the 1998 Universal Exposition of Lisbon – EXPO’98, where we assisted to constant and unpredictable over budget.

In the same way, due to the urban characteristics that involve the construction of the new stadiums, the real estate speculation seems to be gaining the principal role of the EURO 2004, throwing the European Football Championship itself to a secondary role. A role that links the Championship just as a pretext for great economic gains for the Football Clubs and the private promoters directly involved in the construction of the stadiums.

The process of urban requalification of the surrounding areas which was in the beginning promoted as one of the fundaments for such operations seems to be, in the current moment, hidden by the greater will of residence and services edification, in a extremely superior percentage to what seems sustainable.


1.1 The (new) Stadium of Antas

The Stadium of Antas - the future stadium of the city of Oporto, Portugal, has been the most mediate case of the EURO 2004. Behind its pretext a huge high-density urban operation is carrying on which exceed the natural sense of the urban planning; the idea seams to reach the most lucrative residence and services construction in a concentrated shape (the future shopping area) or even in a disperse way along the intervention area.

This high-density and also the large commercial area proposed in the approved Urban Local Plan provoked the polemics between Oporto Municipality, Oporto Football Association and private investors.

1.2 Government and Municipality Support

Essentially the municipality support focuses public accessibility as also the approval of the Local Plan of the Antas area which allowed the rise of the existent density and characteristic occupation in the intervention area.

From Government financial support for the construction of the stadium is expected because of the importance of 2004 European Football Championship.


The idea is showing how the big (pulsar) event “EURO 2004 – The construction of the Stadium of Antas, in Oporto” will be (or not) compatible with the planning principles (which kind of impact shall we have/advantages/disadvantages) and how able it is to improve synergies in order to minimised existent constraints and failures and also to reinforce potentialities inside Oporto urban structure.

Authors: Arch. Bruno Armando Marques (Technician from Municipality of Santa Maria da Feira, Portugal)
Dr. Arch. F. Brandão Alves (FEUP – University of Oporto, Portugal)
impact, pulsar, urban planning
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