- Development around Transit as a Tool for Improvement of Transport Systems and Transformation of Public Spaces in post-Soviet Cities   click here to open paper content1455 kb
by    Stepura, Mikhail | mstepura@tut.by   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
The importance of the proposed system of Transport and Public Nodes based
on the existing railway network in the post-Soviet cities is discussed.
Based on the example of the large cities of Belarus.
Large cities in Belarus face number of post-Soviet urban problems: rapid
growth of car ownership, lack of fast public transport, mass housing
construction, lack of new types of public spaces. New residential districts
and public facilities are usually built on the empty peripheral areas,
gradually moving away from the city center. Trend towards ever-growing
private car usage over public transport has a negative impact on transport
infrastructure and environmental situation in cities.
At the same time, large areas near railroads, which are located in the
middle zone of the city and have good transport capacity, are used
ineffectively: remain filled with the old low-density residential,
industrial or servicing territories or not used at all.
In developed countries a lot of projects in the field of transit oriented
development have been implemented. In large cities of Belarus there is both
the need and potential for organizing a system of Transport and Public
Nodes. These urban developments, which combine stations of urban-suburban
rail transport and public services, will be important elements in the city
structure. In later stages special attention should be given to the zones
of influence of Transport and Public Nodes, it is important to increase
density, to change and diversify the functional mix in these areas.
System of Transport and Public Nodes will contribute to a more efficient
use of railway infrastructure and adjacent territories, it will increase
usability of public transport, will provide the possibility of associated
services, will, in general, improve the quality of urban space and allow
for the creation of a more compact and therefore sustainable city.
Transport and Public Nodes, public transport, urban design, redevelopment
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