- Slow-Moving Traffic and the Built-Environmental Design    click here to open paper content1032 kb
by    Zhang, Ming & Sha, Siyun (Sarah) & Wang, Guoen | zhangming@whu.edu.cn   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
China's urban expansion is evident with misunderstanding and mistreatment of slow-moving transport (SMT) by citizens, professionals and policies. The paper addresses the issues by recommending integration of SMT / built-environmental design.
In the fast growing, rapidly motorizing Chinese cities, misunderstanding of slow-moving transport (SMT, referring mainly to walking and biking) is evident in three aspects. First, conceptually, SMT is believed to go with the lower income. Second, behaviorally, many drive like walking/biking as behavioral adjustment to motorization lags behind income growth. Third, practically, there have been slow responses from the professionals and policy makers to the needs of understanding SMT in the motorization age. The paper first describes the characteristics of SMT in the framework of contemporary travel behavioral analysis. It highlights that people¡¯s travel choice decision pertaining to SMT in the motorization age differs significantly from that in the non-motorization age (e.g., in the 1970¡¯s and earlier in China). For SMT to compete with cars, built-environmental design plays a critical role. The paper then illustrates the importance of the built environment to SMT with empirical evidence reported in the literature from China and other countries. Next, it explores the role of planning standards and codes in the making of SMT-unfriendly built environment throughout China's urban expansion in the last three decades. Finally, the paper recommends integrated SMT-urban design by citing best practice examples. The paper concludes by making recommendations for policy changes and reform of current Chinese planning standards and codes.

slow-moving transport, built environment, travel demand and trip making, pedestrian network, urban planning and design
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