- Indonesia Green City Development Program: An Urban Reform    click here to open paper content936 kb
by    Kirmanto, Djoko & Ernawi, Imam S. & Djakapermana, Ruchyat Deni | bintekim@yahoo.com   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
In response to climate change and urban sustainability, more than 60 cities are moving progressively to establish green cities, starting with fast-forward planning and design, green community, green open space provision, leadership and urban governance.
Indonesia green city development program: an urban reform
The real facts of climate change and high-speed urban change have triggered the need of progressive approach to fast-forward planning and urban development in Indonesia. Promulgating the New Spatial Law in 2007 has been a pillar of reform in spatial planning, but by itself is hardly to an effective implementation, due to autonomy era which is not balanced with availability of adequate local planners and respective local government officials. However, among 491 regencies/municipalities, there are urban leaders who concern with and called to take actions.

The paper will explore the appropriateness of local spatial plans, using criteria set-up by the Law, including sustainability index, ecological footprint, legislation and governance, urban resiliency, urban economy, and capacity development. To become an effective movement, under the umbrella of Green City Development Program (GCDP), interested local governments are facilitated to prepare urban design, green city action plan, green map, green community, and to ensure their commitments to stick with spatial plan. In 2011, the national team evaluated all local governments and resulted with 60 cities are justified for committed to GCDP. Cities gather in interactive learning programs, share experiences and practices, and turn knowledge into positive action.

GCDP explores the potential of local government in achieving regional sustainability, appreciates their local autonomy, and positions provincial and central government to take adequate facilitating roles. Local governments convince that urban planning and design which is pro-green place making, social inclusive, and measurable is inevitable for future sustainability. As a result, the rest of local governments today is voluntarily driven to join the GCDP. Local actions have been transforming into national movement, and it calls for central government to be more proactive, and widen to be more comprehensive program.
green city movement
click here to open paper content  Click to open the full paper as pdf document
click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper  Click to send an email to the author(s) of this paper