- Accessibility based Planning in the Netherlands: Better, Faster, Together    click here to open paper content709 kb
by    Bos, Ron & Lee, Sandra Meng Ying | ron_bos@hotmail.com   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
Sustainability is becoming more important and a mobility-based planning will not be sufficient. Therefore, a different approach is addressed: accessibility-based planning which focuses on economic, social and ecological goals within urban planning.
Mobility is a major factor within urban dynamics and is often neglected by architects and planners. Mobility-based planning has created urban sprawl, as can be seen in North American cities and, to a certain extend, European cities. As a result people spend a lot of time and money on basic travel needs such as commuting or shopping. This approach cannot be applied in 21th century urban planning, in which sustainability becomes a major issue and resources are becoming scarce. New integrated planning approaches are needed which can deal with urban growth without neglecting environment and people.

In this article we elaborate a different approach addressed as accessibility-based planning. This approach defines accessibility as the amount of services and jobs people can access within a certain amount of travel time, considering multimodal modes of transport such as walking, biking, driving and the use of public transport. This approach implies a shift in paradigm: urban and traffic planners focus on people and their needs instead of the infrastructure system itself. These needs can imply sustainable goals, such as social inclusion, economic urban potential or ecological preservation.

First Author: Ron Bos Msc. Goudappel Coffeng, the Netherlands
email: rbos@goudappel.nl / mobile:+ 31614133480
Corresponding Author: Sandra Meng Ying Lee Ph.D. Tsinghua University,
School of Architecture, Beijing, P.R.O.C.
email:leemy@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn / mobile:+86-13911483580
accessibility based planning; GIS; urban mobility; urban planning, Netherlands
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