- Integrated Urbanism –The Role of Landscape Strategies for Hyper-Dynamic Urban Change    click here to open paper content1949 kb
by    Schmelzer, Brigitte | arcadia@brigitteschmelzer.de   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
The paper follows up how the emancipation of “landscape” in urban strategies has been discussed by various authors as having influenced the urban discourse widely. To create city through landscape – mit Landschaft Stadt machen – has been a paradigm shift in Landscape Architecture and Urban Design for a decade now.
During the last two decades the urban discourse was forced to shift its interest to rapid urbanization processes changing the role of architecture and the readability especially in the European City. The phenomenon of the dispersion of the cities into their surrounding landscapes and the general speeding up of urban processes asked for new strategies.

In the German Context, it was authors like Thomas Sieverts “Zwischenstadt”, Franz Oswald “Netzstadt” and others who proposed “landscape parks” and promoted the practice of “Landscape Urbanism”.

The necessity of a reversal of planning procedures, sometimes also being referred to as “negative planning” is derived from many parameters. Buildings are no longer the main features creating identity for cities. In addition climate change effects and risks push for adjusted planning practice.

The strategy of integrated urbanism practices trans-disciplinary solutions – combining urban planning and management, ecology, social culture and engineering as well as concepts of mobility for people and goods.

Nowadays the spatial appearance of landscapes is a product of the global economy which changes our living environments to a great extent. In this context the concept of landscape has to leave behind the images of city and landscape of the 19th century - while the image of an idealistic countryside of arcadia is still alive. The landscape of today especially within metropolitan areas is a totally manipulated landscape a result of technical infrastructures, large logistic complexes, shopping and amusement districts transform our human-shaped “natural” landscapes very rapidly with a network of their own logic- of an international communication infrastructure.

For complex and hyper-dynamic urban change the new approach of INTEGRATED URBANISM offers a possibility that integrates natural powers, economic and social necessities into design strategies that help manage our living environment effectively and responsibly.
click here to open paper content  Click to open the full paper as pdf document
click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper  Click to send an email to the author(s) of this paper