|- Research on the Migrant Personnel Flow’s Influence on the Urban Planning: in the Case Study of Beijing and Xinyang City 1148 kb|
|by Zhou, Yajie & Wang, Tinglin | email@example.com |
|China’s migrant personnel flow will have a significant influence on both |
the migrant destination city and the home city. This paper takes Beijing
with a large number of immigrants and Xinyang with a large outflow of
population as the research object, to study the migrant personnel flow’s
impact on urban planning.
|China is in a period of rapid development of urbanization. Large quantities |
of people from less-developed regions in Midwest China flow to eastern
developed regions, especially megacities such as Beijing and Shanghai, for
work. But due to the shifting of China[simplequote]s economic center from
the eastern coastal areas to the Midwest, the trend that migrant workers
return to their home city is becoming more and more significant. This
migrant personnel flow will have a significant influence on both the
migrant destination city and the home city. For the destination city, to
meet migrant workers[simplequote] demands for housing, medical care and
children[simplequote]s education is the key to avoid Residential
Segregation and social isolation. For the home city, personnel flow also
put forward new requirements for urban planning.
Xinyang city is in Henan Province which is a large labor-exporting
province, it has more than 2 million migrant workers, mostly working in
Beijing and Shanghai. The author has participated in the Assessment of the
Master Plan of Beijing City project (2011) and the Beijing 2049 research
project (2010), and now is compiling the Master Plan of Xinyang City. So,on
the basis of the above projcts, this paper takes Beijing and Xinyang as the
research object, to study the migrant personnel flow[simplequote]s impact
on urban planning.
The research steps are as follows. Firstly, the author sended out
questionnaires to the Xinyang migrant workers in Beijing to investigate
their working and living conditions and their willingness of returning
home. Secondly, the author did statistical analysis of retrieved
questionnaires using SPSS software, and analyzed the living space of
migrant workers both in Beijing and in Xinyang using GIS software, to find
out the characteristics and problems of the spatial distribution. The
analysis shows that migrant workers in Beijing are mostly living in the
urban fringe with poor living conditions and public service facilities, and
the residential segregation is getting serious. Meanwhile, because of the
changing economic situation in China, more and more migrant workers intend
to return to their hometown Xinyang to seek better job opportunities or
start their own business, therefore, Xinyang is required to provide
suitable jobs, housing and public services for them accordingly.
Based on the analysis, we puts forward suggestions for the living space
planning of the migrant workers in cities with large floating population
such as Beijing: government should provide affordable housing and good
public services facilities, control the scale of residential areas, and
create communally intercourse space, so as to promote migrant workers to
better integrate into city life. And furthermore, we also give some advice
on the urban planning of Xinyang with large outflow of population.
According to the working and living needs of returned migrant workers, some
advices are proposed for Xinyang on industrial type, living space type, and
public service facilities.
This research is applicable to cities with large number of immigrants like
Beijing and to cities with large outflow of population like Xinyang.
|migrant personnel planning|
Case Study presented on the ISOCARP Congress 2013: Frontiers of Planning - Evolving and declining models of city planning practice
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