- Problems and strategies of urbanization development in Western China from the perspective of urban-based society - A case study of Shaanxi Province   click here to open paper content698 kb
by    Lv, Yuan & Liu, Kewei & Liu, Lin | 77672878@qq.com   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
Serious problems in the urbanization process of western China are raised
from the perspective of the urban-based society, taking Shaanxi, a well-
developing and typical province in natural geographical features in western
China as a case. Strategies to solve these problems are put forward.
Urbanization in China has just reached 51.27 percent in 2011 and exceeded
50 percent, which means China has ended the times of village-dominated
society and entered urban-based society. Developed regions of eastern China
such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, and Jiangsu have entered urban-based
society many years ago. However, the concentration of large scale of
migrants to the developed regions has led to serious problem like
population explosion, traffic congestion, environmental pollution, housing
shortage, jobs crisis, etc. How to solve these problems and adjust the
development to meet the basic demand of urban-based society is a new
question in the following process of urbanization in China.
The author studied the urbanization of Shaanxi, a well-developing and
typical province in natural geographical features in western China from 5
aspects from the perspective of urban-based society, they are population
urbanization, urbanization spatial layout, urban features, relationship
between urban and rural area, resources and environment. The author
believes that the problems mentioned below are the main problems in the
process of urbanization in China at present and in a rather long period
afterwards. First, low citizenization degree of migrants and increasingly
prominent semi-urbanization phenomenon. Second, both migrants who flocked
to megalopolis, big cities excessively and underdevelopment of small and
medium-sized cities due to the lack of non-agricultural industry have made
the urbanization spatial layout unreasonable. Third, thousands of cities
with same face made the cities lack of urban characteristics. Fourth, the
distance between urban and rural area expanded dramatically. Fifth,
problems like decrease of arable land and increasingly environmental
pollution are getting serious.
On the basis of further analysis of the above problems, the author
considered that there are some solutions to solve these problems. First,
innovating social security system to make the rural migrants get the same
social security as urban residents in education, medical care, housing and
employment. Second, optimizing urbanization space, strengthening the
regional core function of big cities and paying more attention to the
development of small and medium-sized cities to make them regional growth
poles. Third, figuring distinctive urban cultural characteristics and
blending them to urban planning, architectural design and landscape
figuring. Fourth, shortening the gap of the level of infrastructure, basic
public service and income to coordinate the development of urban and rural
areas. Fifth, strengthening the extent of environmental protection,
specifically taking actions to let the neighboring districts cooperate with
each other, raising the investment level of environmental pollution
improvement, advocating public participation and raising their
environmental awareness to make the living conditions better.
The aim of this paper is to find ways to solve the problems and provide
experience reference for similar regions like Shaanxi province in China, so
that similar regions will avoid these problems or have better ways to solve
these problems.
urbanization development
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