- Lisbon at a turning point: metropolitan patterns, trends and cultures   click here to open paper content479 kb
by    Morgado, Sofia & Santos, João Rafael & Moreira, Inês | smorgado@fa.utl.pt   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
The paper presents the overall structure and preliminary findings of the
research project Forms of metropolitan spatial production in Lisbon aimed
at discussing recent metropolitan development, adding to previous research
on its morphogenesis and comparative studies with other metropolises.
The paper presents the overall structure and preliminary findings of the
research project Forms of metropolitan spatial production in Lisbon, being
currently developed by the team of Murbs – metropolitan studies and forms
of urbanization research group (Faculty of Architecture/ Technical
University of Lisbon). The research project stems from the opportunity to
discuss recent metropolitan development under the light of new census data
(2011) and of an ongoing revision of plans at the regional and municipal
scales, adding to previous research on the morphogenesis and development of
metropolitan Lisbon and comparative studies with other metropolises (Font,

Literature and previous research have shown the contours of leading
processes of urban growth in different periods of metropolitan development.
Until mid-20th century by resorting to urban contiguity, then by
introducing spatial disjunction and functional specialization, as a
reaction to modern city concepts. However, a third period starts evolving
from the late 90’s onwards, with characteristics which, so far, may only be

A critical and conceptual update on the urban production course of action
and respective planning has been conducted, having in mind innovative
approaches in the international panorama. Exploring and renewing the
conceptual and critical framework regarding multilevel planning for the
metropolis, over the last decade, under the scope of EU recommendations and
National policies are also envisaged.

In the face of territorial transformations which have been consistently
perceived, and taking the opportunity opened by the 2011 census data and
the revision of several planning documents at regional and municipal level,
the team developed an update of cartography (M888 series, 2009), resorting
to previously tested methodology. Due to its specificity, in definition and
time span, this cartography is considered both as a result – by extending a
vision of a certain territorial development in time – and as a tool for
further research in two dimensions: (1) contribution to the definition of a
metropolitan design and morphology, and inherent epistemology; (2) as a
basis to share and to cross with other data, for instance, by resorting to
GIS potentialities.

Over the last years, individual research lines (e.g. PhD and Post-doctoral
research) have been contributing to the global core, contributing to the
identification of topics where “change” is critically acknowledged. Further
developments will allow for a multifaceted synthesis, exploring plural and
transversal findings.

The paper will specifically address 1). Configurations and territorial
trends in metropolitan Lisbon 1940-2011, with an emphasis on the 21st
century; 2) Planning culture and planning system in Portugal, where
Urbanism holds a representative role regarding the European context; 3)
Questions and Debate: from metropolitan planning to metropolitan design.

The research is also being accompanied by several academic and research
events in which design and debate have been introduced, in partnership with
municipal and central government authorities, and under the scope of
networks such as AESOP and ISOCARP (some of them available at:


GEORGE, P., MORGADO, S., 2007, Área Metropolitana de Lisboa 1975-2001. ‘De
la monopolaridad a la matricialidad emergente’ In: Font, A. (ed.), La
explosión de la ciudad. Transformaciones territoriales en las regiones
urbanas de la Europa Meridional, Madrid: Min. de Vivienda.

TATOM, j., STAUBER, J. ed., 2009, Making the Metropolitan Landscape, New
York: Routledge.

SANTOS, J.R., 2012, Spaces of infrastructural mediation: Interpretation and
design in the production of the urban in the metropolitan territory of
Lisbon, PhD Thesis in Urbanism, Faculty of Architecture, Technical
University of Lisbon

MORGADO, S. 2012, «Transformação, segregação e projeto de um espaço
limítrofe». In Marcello Magoni, ed, Cooperare attraverso l’Atlantico.
Analisi, strategie e progetti per la riqualificazione dei margini urbani
nei paesi latini europei e americani, Milão: Libreria CLUP. 236 pp./63-74
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