|- Aspects of socio-spatial Inequalities in the City of São Paulo, as result of the globalization Process 109 kb
|by Pasternak, Suzana & Bogus, Lucia | firstname.lastname@example.org
|The article aims to show striking aspects of the socio-spatial inequalities in the city of São Paulo: at one extreme, the favelas and at the other extreme, the gated condominiums. The article helps to solve some myths about favelas and condominiums.
|The City of Extremes: socio-spatial inequalities in São Paulo
The article aims to show striking aspects of the socio-spatial inequalities in the city of São APulo: at one extreme, the favelas and at the other extreme, the gated condominiums.
It shows the evolution of the population of greater São PAulo and that of the city itself and its pattern of spatial growth,namely of the poor perifheral population.The population of the city is aging, although the spatialization of the age structure shows that all the population of the periphery is still younger. The association betwee income, education and place of living is clear: lower incomes and less education in the peripheral ring.
The article also decrebes the fromation of the city, its huge expansion in the 40s and its impoverishment at the turn of the century. The social segregation, previously confinedto the periphery, is spreading to other parts of the city. The favelas are increasing, more gated condominiums are being built even in the poor neighboorhoods. A remarkable characteristic of housing in São Pauloat the end of last century is the growth of favelas and gated condominiums. The population of favelas represents more than 10% of the total populationof the municipality and there were 2,500 new condominiums units launched in 2000.
The article solves some myths about favelas and concominiums. The favela spaceis vey similar to the urban space and its units are in the housing market. Nevertheless, there are some pecularieties in the favela fabric. The propostion of formal employment in favelas is the same as that in the municipality. Favelas are rathe different one from the other, be in what concerns physical space or inthe type of population.
Gated condominiums also house social groups of lower income, being found in the poor and polluted periphery. The absence of city authorities makes this urban space prone to mesdemeanors. A similarity between the two extremes is the lack of democretic values, fo the respcet for the law, of right to come and go freely and the existence of public and equalitarian spaces
|socil spacil inequalities
Case Study presented on the ISOCARP Congress 2006: Cities between Integration and Disintegration
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