- Heterogeneous driving Forces in urban restructuring Processes. Two examples - Zurich West and Basel Erlenmatt    click here to open paper content586 kb
by    Friedrich, Sabine , Cornaro, Antonia & Klingele, Monika & Wirz, Nicole | sabine.friedrich@ebp.ch   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
Based on two restructured areas in Zurich and Basel we will discuss the power play between various interest groups focusing on their roles, the complex planning framework and the achievement of normative objectives through strategic planning.
Based on two prominent restructured areas in Zurich and Basel we discuss the power play between various interest groups like politicians, owners, developers, the population and the city government.

The structural changes and the loss of function of major industrial areas in Zurich at the end of the 1980s created an impulse for a cooperative planning process between the owners and the city of Zurich with the aim to create a mixed use and lively neighborhood. It took tough controversies be-tween the involved players to agree on common goals and to make the cooperative planning process a reality. Meanwhile important planning goals have been achieved and strengths and weaknesses of the development process have come to the surface.

In Basel plans are underway to redevelop a centrally located and unused area of the German railway company (DB). The area is to be redeveloped into a mixed use, inner-city area through a multi-level planning process. Unique to the process, the owners have committed to a sustainable development and to the achievement of ambitious energy goals,.

In both cases, the interplay of various elements of process management, process control, of informal and formal planning instruments have led to a strategy with high standard results. This is apparent in the quality of the public places and the architecture. Both case studies are representative of the interaction of diverse driving forces in a heterogeneous and complex planning context over a long planning horizon, requiring an ongoing balancing act between sustainable development and economic efficiency needs.

We will focus on the following questions:
Which interest group plays what role in the planning process?
How is the planning process affected by the dynamic economic, political, and social frame-work?
How can normative goals and objectives such as sustainable development be achieved in the context of strategic planning?
driving forces, strategic planning, urban restructuring
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