- A duet practice of low carbon city from Holland to China: Comparative research between the City of the Sun, Heerhugowaard in Holland and its counterpart in China: Wuhan Sixin Area    click here to open paper content996 kb
by    Huang, Wei & Wu, Jun | whhwei@gmail.com   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
The City of the Sun in Holland is designed to be a net zero CO2 emissions area. Its counterpart in China, Wuhan New District, is compared to observe what could be practical design approaches to transferring European experiences to the developing world.
The global warming has raised a world environmental warning on both developed and developing countries. The challenge is the same but their solutions reveal both similarities and differences.

TheĦ°City of the SunĦħ(Stad van de Zon) is the residential area in Heerhugowaard-Holland, which has been designed to be a net zero CO2 emissions area. This would be achieved by installing 3,75MW of photovoltaic systems, 100 hectares of forest and three wind turbines of 2,3 MW each. The design proposes a series design methodologies in promoting Low Carbon City and sustainable urban development. These methodologies have included the maximized using of solar energy, wind energy and other low carbon energies; an ecological system in a natural balance; the mixture of different typologies houses with varied prices; a naturally recycling and purifying water system; solar panels integrated into architectural design and other advanced technologies and design means.

On the other hand it has introduced its applicable case in China, the New District in Wuhan. This case has similar geographical and topographical characteristics. The ongoing design proposal also shares some similarities in design typology on the urban level. However the realization of Low Carbon City and sustainable urban development are chosen on the most realistic local technologies and availabilities. These comprise the mixture and complicated land use, a water system to connect six adjacent lakes to encourage a circulation and natural purifying of water from Han River to Yangtze River; the collection, reusing and drainage of raining water; a delicate traffic model to host bigger population and heavy flow; a compact urban typology to save land and resources in China.

Correspondingly, both two cases are compared to observe what would be applicative design means in transiting European experiences to the developing world. It has concluded that when we apply advanced planning means and technologies from Europe to the developing world, it is crucial to adapt them to feasible context in terms of economy, ecology, culture, urban management and other important local conditions.
HAL-location, net zero CO2 emissions area,integrated solar panels,largest PV housing project in the world, naturally recycling and purifying water system
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