- Collaborative Planning: an evolving model of practice   click here to open paper content776 kb
by    Heywood, Phil | p.heywood@qut.edu.au   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
As individuals, groups and activities are brought into ever-closer contact
by radical developments in communication, opportunities for both conflicts
and cooperation multiply. Making use of examples, this paper examines the
role, scope and methods of collaborative planning as a means to build
better futures in times of rapid change.

New models of planning are needed to match the expanding technological
capacities of rapidly developing global and personal communications. As
universal access to information of the Internet and the instantaneous
responses of social media combine to expand the bounds of communities, they
bring previously separate groups and activities into immediate contact and
potential conflict. As a result, both opportunities and demands for
collaboration are dramatically increased (Forester, 2009)

Politicians, planners and activists are becoming increasingly aware of the
impact that different, formerly specialised, fields of endeavour exert on
each other. The achievement of beneficial change becomes dependent on
establishing sensitive links between the four concerns of community
development, productive activities, economic sectors, and different scales
of government, making consensus among them, or at least mutual
understanding, a necessity. Because collaboration is the most effective
path to these outcomes, its role in planning settlements and their major
activities becomes essential (Healey, 2006, 2007).

The major activities of housing, public space and natural environment have
been selected to illustrate examples and achievements of collaborative
planning. Because all planning aims to shape outcomes, it must mirror and
match the evolving forms, features and relationships of the wide range of
current and emerging activities. Methods of collaboration include
comprehensive and innovative consultation; inclusive objective setting;
exploratory action research; multiple criteria policy formulation &
evaluation; and composite, participatory implementation (Heywood, 2011).
This paper considers these opportunities by making reference to
international and local Brisbane examples of collaborative successes in
each of the selected fields of housing, public space, and natural

Delegates may choose to visit some of these local examples themselves if
they are staying in Brisbane for a few days after the congress: South Bank
Gardens provide one interesting example adjacent to the conference venue;
the Norman Creek Common and conservation corridor at Stones Corner is also
within ten minutes travel by Brisbane’s excellent Eastern Busway.

The paper concludes that collaboration can spread widely to transform
brittle and narrow structures of command and control. Cooperative ecologies
can recognise not only the need for sustainable relations of mutual care
and concern between different groups of people, but also the inter-
dependence of species and habitats (Midgley, 2006).


Forester, J. (2009) Dealing with Differences , Dramas of Mediating Public
Disputes, Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Healey, P. (2006) Collaborative Planning, Shaping Places in Fragmented
Societies (2nd Edition), Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan

Healey, P. (2007) Urban Complexity and Spatial Strategies, Abingdon,

Heywood, P (2011) Community Planning: Integrating social & physical
environments, Chichester, Wiley/Blackwell.

Midgley M. (2006) Science and Poetry, Abingdon, Routledge Classics
click here to open paper content  Click to open the full paper as pdf document
click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper  Click to send an email to the author(s) of this paper