- ‘From Pedagogy to Paideia’: Physical Planning Education in Nigeria   click here to open paper content832 kb
by    Olufemi, Olusola & Jimoh, Umar | solaoluf@yahoo.com   click here to send an email to the auther(s) of this paper
Short Outline
Moving from pedagogy to paideia in planning entails practical civic
engagement and authentic dialogue with the community through collaborative
rationality in planning education in Nigeria. Paideia empowers the whole
person in producing new knowledge, 22skills and imaginaries that prepare
practitioners to inform, influence and integrate new frontiers of planning.
Planning education is changing from the normal spaces (classroom) to the
virtual spaces (online teaching, Webinar, Twitter, Facebook, blogging,
LinkedIn etc.) and the adoption of GIS and other new technologies. Pedagogy
is the art/science of teaching that is the methodology while paideia is the
education of the whole person. Adler (1982) defined paideia as “…
signifying the general learning that should be the possession of all human
beings”. There are about 44 Planning Schools in Nigeria located in urban
and peri-urban areas (21 polytechnics and 23 Universities offering Town and
Regional Planning Courses) and 2673 registered planners in a country of
about 160million people. The Ibadan School of Planning continues to
differentiate itself from other planning schools in Nigeria by adopting
current methodology and embracing paideia through civic engagement and
collaborative rationality as observed in the involvement in the Sustainable
Ibadan Project and University of Ibadan master plan project. Paideia is
critical for legitimising new planning frontiers in the knowledge economy
and spaces both in teaching, learning and practice. Paideia approach to
knowledge within the content and context of planning helps in reshaping the
planning curriculum and produce new frontiers of planning knowledge in a
holistic way that embraces the totality of whole person planning. The
planning content, context, and process must reflect paideia and incorporate
both practical civic engagement and authentic dialogue with the community.
Paideia is a system of education or learning that empowers the planner to
focus and situate planning within the context of a person’s assets
(intellectual, physical, spiritual, social, natural, political,
environmental and financial capital). In what ways do Planners seek to
achieve Paideia or just Pedagogy? This paper contends that physical
planning education should seek to impart knowledge and empower the whole
person planner in attempts to produce new knowledge, skills and imaginaries
that prepare practitioners to inform, influence and integrate new frontiers
in planning. Collaborative rationality moves planning from pedagogy
(methodology or planning content) to paideia (planning context,
intellectual excellence and practice) specifically in Ibadan School of
Planning. The current status of planning education in higher institutions
and the profession’s policy initiatives in Nigeria are discussed.
Particular attention is paid to issues of teaching and learning as embedded
in paideia in the Ibadan School of Planning. The Sustainable Ibadan Project
and the University of Ibadan master plan forged authentic civic engagement
and collaborative involvement (paideia) of both students and the community.
Urbanization of poverty and spaces; and urban sprawl with pockets of
impoverished ghettos in the middle of affluent neighbourhoods and changing
urban lifestyles are seemingly becoming the norm that planners have to
address by engaging the civic society in Nigeria. Informal interviews were
conducted among staff and students of Ibadan School of Planning and data
were collected from secondary sources. Descriptive and nonparametric
statistics was used to analyze the data. The University of Ibadan was
established 1948 while the Planning School started in 1982. The Ibadan
Planning School is a graduate school running a two-year Master’s programs
in Urban and Regional Planning and Housing. Planners require new knowledge
and skills to be able to handle the challenges brought about by
urbanization, population growth, poverty and climate change. Paideia should
be seen as an innovative way of teaching, learning, knowledge dissemination
and planning practice. References Adler, MJ (1982) The Paideia Proposal: An
Educational Manifesto, New York: Macmillan Publishing. So, FS and Getzels,
J (2009) “Planning Environments: From the Practice of Local Government
Planning (1988)”, in Birch, EL (ed.) The Urban and Regional Planning
Reader, Routledge Urban Reader Series, Routledge: London and New York, pp.
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